Liquid 3D

HORIZON.1.1 – European Research Council (ERC)

Something new for 3D-printed bioinspired electronics

A transition from rigid, brittle, polluting and battery-dependent electronics to soft, resilient, recyclable and self-powered ones is in progress. In this context, the EU-funded Liquid3D project will develop a series of groundbreaking sinter-free printable composites based on liquid metals, in order to 3D print functional cells for sensing, acting, processing and energy storage that are entangled together in a distributed and three-dimensional fashion. Liquid3D aims to provide design freedom to scientists, allowing them to print futuristic soft electronics. What’s impressive about these electronics is that they will enable a new level of bioinspiration in man-made devices, which was not possible before. The project will also develop fundamental understanding and mathematical modelling of biphasic composites based on liquid metal, and methods for recycling the developed composites.


Recyclable liquid metal – Graphene supercapacitor (2023) PDF

Afsaneh L. Sanati, Pedro Alhais Lopes, Alexandre Chambel, André F. Silva, Diogo M. Oliveira, Carmel Majidi, Anibal T. de Almeida, Mahmoud Tavakoli

Chemical Engineering Journal Vol. 479, 2024,147894

DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2023.147894

From Conventional Non-Conductive Foams to Soft Piezoresistive Pressure Sensors: A Low-Cost Approach to Large-Area Pressure-Mapping (2023) PDF

Manuel. R. Carneiro, Luis Rosa, Mahmoud Tavakoli

2023 IEEE SENSORS, Vienna, Austria

DOI: 10.1109/SENSORS56945.2023.10325315

Gallium-Based Liquid–Solid Biphasic Conductors for Soft Electronics (2023) PDF

Manuel. R. Carneiro, Anibal T. de Almeida,Mahmoud Tavakoli, Carmel Majidi

Adv. Funct. Mater. 2023, 33, 2306453

DOI: 10.1002/adfm.202306453

Recyclable Thin-Film Soft Electronics for Smart Packaging and E-Skins (2023) PDF

Manuel. R. Carneiro, Carmel Majidi, Mahmoud Tavakoli

Adv. Sci. 2023, 10, 2301673

DOI: 10.1002/advs.202301673

Digitally Printable Magnetic Liquid Metal Composite for Recyclable Soft-Matter Electronics (2023) PDF

Abdollah Hajalilou, Elahe Parvini,  João P. M. Pereira, Pedro A. Lopes, André F. Silva, Anibal De Almeida, Mahmoud Tavakoli

 Adv. Mater. Technol. 2023, 8, 2201621

DOI: 10.1002/admt.202201621

Toward Fully Printed Soft Actuators: UV-Assisted Printing of Liquid Crystal Elastomers and Biphasic Liquid Metal Conductors (2023) PDF

João S. Veiga, Manuel R. Carneiro,  Rafael Molter, Michael Vinciguerra, Lining Yao, Carmel Majidi, Mahmoud Tavakoli

Adv. Mater. Technol. 2023, 8, 2300144

DOI: 10.1002/admt.202300144

3R Batteries: Resilient, Repairable, and Recyclable Based on Liquid Gallium Electrode (2023) PDF

Elahe Parvini, Abdollah Hajalilou, Pedro A.Lopes, André F. Silva, Miguel S. M. Tiago, Pedro M. P. Fernandes, Anibal T. de Almeida, Mahmoud Tavakoli

Adv. Mater. Technol. 2023, 2301189

DOI: 10.1002/admt.202301189